Discover Cavaillon in the Luberon, its history, places to visit, its famous melon and its via Ferrata.
Cavaillon enjoys a green hill (Saint-Jacques Hill) in the heart of the city and a remarkable historical heritage that can be visited by strolling through the ancient centre.
Between Alpilles and Luberon, at the crossroads of many roads, you can radiate very easily in the region and appreciate the many facets of our landscapes in the heart of Provence.
In turn Greek then Roman and Episcopal city in the Medieval period, the city houses in its heart many remains: cathedral, synagogue with Provencal architecture unique in the world, hotel d'Agar (mansion set on Roman thermal baths with a Renaissance style ceiling)...
Nowadays, the city, which has since become famous for its melon 'the famous melon of Cavaillon' and its fruit and vegetable market, has become a contemporary town oriented towards nature: the hill is home to a Via Ferrata accessible on foot from the city centre, 250 climbing routes and hiking trails.
In Roman times, the city began to develop at the foot of the hill of St Jacques and passed through the history of France in its own way. In the heart of the old town, the remains are numerous and will make you travel back in time.
Walk through the streets of the historic center to understand the history of the city: Antiquity, Middle Ages (Bishopric, Jews of the Pope...) and modern era...
Finally, shout along the great courtyards that enclose the old town punctuated with views of the hill, bourgeois houses and Belle Epoque buildings.
Let yourself be transported...
Il est l’un des plus anciens monuments de la ville. Il est daté du 1er siècle ap. J.C. et surnommé Arc Marius, du nom du général romain ayant colonisé la région. C’est à cette époque que la ville se développe véritablement dans la plaine.
Cavaillon has been an episcopal city since the 4th century AD, when a bishopric was built. Construction of the cathedral dedicated to Notre-Dame and Saint Veran began in the 12th century. Five side chapels were added to the 14th century, including that of Saint Véran who terraced the dragon and sent it away from the inhabitants to the well-known village of the Hautes Alpes: Saint Véran! Burned in the 16th century during the wars of religion, it was restored in the 17th and 19th centuries.
Its 12th century cloister, a space of peace and charm, opens access to the interior of the building with decor dating mostly from the 17th century.
or Convent of the Benedictines Important Order present on Cavaillon from the 14th to the 18th century, is located in the Grand "Street which was long the main axis. On the wooden portal, the high reliefs recall the doctrine of St. Benoit, whose profile is carved under the lintel.
The Musée de l'Hôtel-Dieu and its chapel (built in 1755) is a former hospital acquired at the beginning of the 20th century by a Cavaillonnaise family, Les Jouve. It presents the archaeological collections of Cavaillon and its region. Currently, the chapel houses a lapidary museum and an exhibition area.
Located in the heart of the ancient centre, this 18th-century synagogue is a remarkably preserved and recently restored building of great originality. It is still in its original context, the ghetto called the Carrière, of the Provencal term meaning the street. From the Medieval Synagogue there is still a turret to the north. The architectural formula of the synagogues of the Comtat, preserved only in Cavaillon and Carpentras, is unique in the world.
Built on the ruins of Greek and Roman cities that developed at the foot of Saint James Hill, the Hotel d'Agar is a history book in itself, inscribed as a historical monument: Gothic tower of the 15th century with gargoyles, Renaissance ceilings... The garden retains the traces of the Roman city uncovered recently. Garden of the bishopric until the Revolution, it also housed the “Treasure of Cavaillon”: 300 Roman deniers in silver in perfect condition discovered in 2010.
Discover our editions of the Luberon Heart of Provence to prepare your weekend and holidays: guide, accommodation, hiking...Order